Templo de Vignola or Temple of Eternity, a memorial to Giulia Farnese, wife of Pier Francesco Orsini, at the summit of the Garden of Bomarzo, also known as the Sacro Bosco or Sacred Grove, or the Parco dei Mostri or Park of the Monsters, a monumental Mannerist park complex, c. 1550, made by Pier Francesco Orsini, or Vicino, 1523–1585, Duke of Orsini, designed by Pirro Ligorio, 1512-83, with sculptures by Simone Moschino, 1533-1610, in Bomarzo, Viterbo, Lazio, Italy. The temple is octagonal topped by a cupola and bell, with a square colonnaded portico, in a mixture of Greek, Classical and Renaissance styles. The temple houses the tombs of Giovanni Bettini and Tina Severi, the owners who restored the garden in the 20th century. The gardens are in a wood at the bottom of a valley beneath the Castle of Orsini, with many large sculptures, small buildings and inscribed poems. The layout of the garden is chaotic, in contrast with formal Renaissance gardens, and it has a surrealistic air. The garden was restored in the 1970s and is now a major tourist attraction. Picture by Manuel Cohen

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Templo de Vignola or Temple of Eternity, a memorial to Giulia Farnese, wife of Pier Francesco Orsini, at the summit of the Garden of Bomarzo, also known as the Sacro Bosco or Sacred Grove, or the Parco dei Mostri or Park of the Monsters, a monumental Mannerist park complex, c. 1550, made by Pier Francesco Orsini, or Vicino, 1523–1585, Duke of Orsini, designed by Pirro Ligorio, 1512-83, with sculptures by Simone Moschino, 1533-1610, in Bomarzo, Viterbo, Lazio, Italy. The temple is...
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Copyright © Manuel Cohen

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Keywords:
1550
16th century
architecture
Bomarzo
Bosco dei Mostri
building
Castle of Orsini
classical
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cupola
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Europe
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Giovanni Bettini
Giulia Farnese
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Italian
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Lazio
Mannerism
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Simone Moschino
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Templo de Vignola
Tina Severi
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woods